Travelogue - Clarksville by Nathan Carterette

the Others have come south. Clarksville is covered in ice after a sleet storm yesterday.. I was supposed to play the Goldberg Variations at Austin Peay State U, but everything is shut down. 

The other day my father mentioned to me that northerners shouldn't make fun of southrons who seem to freak out at a little dusting of snow. Now I see why, it starts wet then turns to a case of ice. Clarksville is officially a meat freezer right now. 

Bach is off. No great loss for me, I wasn't expecting an Austin Peay shower of gold.  

schoenberg and bach by Nathan Carterette

somewhere along the line, schoenberg provocatively compared his music to mozart's, saying something about how it was more like mozart than not, or that everything he learned as a composer he learned from mozart, or something equally grand. being too literal myself, i took him at face value; once after an open dress rehearsal at severance hall i asked mitsuko uchida (who was playing the schoenberg concerto op.42) what she thought the similarities were; she clearly didn't care for the question but toed the party line herself and said there were a lot, without bothering to enumerate them - probably for the best.

whatever. in truth i haven't found it a useful comparison. in my experience of schoenberg's piano music, it's more useful to compare him to bach, in the way that the polyphony proliferates, and that all the individual voices are melodically or motivically designed. glenn gould's comparison was schoenberg to the franco-flemish masters a hundred years before bach, but bach was in the business of perfecting their arcane techniques anyways, so we'll go with mine.

flipping through schoenberg's 'theory of harmony' the other day - yes, my life is that glamorous - i found a fascinating but incomplete analysis of a chorale from bach's st matthew passion, no25 'Was mein Gott will, das g'scheh' allzeit' (What my God wants, should always happen). it comes in chapter 17, non-harmonic tones, and basically is about how what theory calls 'ornament' or 'passing tone' is sometimes essential to the harmony, or artistry, of the work in question.

schoenberg begins by commenting on how each of the four parts is written melodically, which as i said is pertinent to his own music (thinking especially of op.23). he points out that if you omit what we box in as 'passing tones,' the result would be something of very poor workmanship; he is emphasizing that they are determinative artistic choices. then he points out that the 'passing tones' in the inner voices of the first phrase form chords on their own, that are in dissonance with the tune but engage the poles of the tonality (I, IV, V), and he goes on to relate that to their rhythmic placement, etc.

if we took them as such in analysis, we would find an eleventh chord (e-g-b-d-f#-a) in the third beat, but nobody analyzes like that. i don't think. still, schoenberg's insight is a strong one because he showed how bach's harmony is much more nuanced, and in flux, then rules of theory can convey. i think we instinctively hear this, but to be aware of it is another thing entirely.

playing the preludes and fugues of the well-tempered clavier, i have often found that a so-called 'vertical' approach, that is, thinking in terms of chords rather than individual lines ('horizontal'), is counter-intuitively more useful in achieving the clarity of the individual lines, because after all they have to relate to each other harmonically in the end; they derive their inflection from that relation. his most pungent dissonances tend to be hidden and indirect, either with suspensions or space in range, but they contribute as much as anything to affect and atmosphere and mood.

in the grand coda to the prelude in f# minor book II, there's a tied e# in the middle voice that comes first as in the C# chord, the dominant, but when the other voices land on the downbeat, they form an augmented harmony that is fantastically dissonant (a-e#-c#) and seems to vibrate. yes, the e# easily resolves to f#, but to degrade that chord in our mind to a suspension or passing tone is criminal from an artistic point of view.

well, that's just another reason why i love schoenberg. not many people share that passion, and that's why i find myself blogging about his theory textbook at 4.30 am.


game of thrones by Nathan Carterette

with all that happens in the so-far published song of ice and fire series, george rr martin could have started the first book, game of thrones, anywhere.. there are lots of scenes that would be compelling.. but the one that he chose, of the Night's Watch across the Wall and the wights, is impressive because of how many themes he introduces there.

a lot of the conflict in this series revolves around class, for instance the obsession of which characters are 'highborn' or rabble, and thinking of scenes like the king's landing riots in clash of kings, or the tension between the lannisters and who they share power with, etc, and that theme is present in the prologue, with the entitled young knight and the poor, outcast brothers.

there's obviously a weather theme, which i think adds a contemporary relevance to the series.. whether intended or not, it calls to mind people reading into lord of the rings an allegory for twentieth century modernization and the destruction of old ways and natural spaces; here, i won't say it's an allegory, but surely there is some awareness of the threat of weather that hovers over us today..

then there's a theme of the unknown, first in their search for their commander long disappeared, and then in the wights that appear from nowhere and command the dead.

overall though, i think the most impressive thing about the series so far is this theme: the fact that the characters have no control in their destinies.. by writing each chapter from a different personal viewpoint, we go along from the beginning thinking certain characters are meant to be on top, certain ones on bottom, but they really have no control. by giving us glimpses inside all the character's minds, george rr martin shakes up our sympathies, and undermines in an effective way predictability.. there are forces shaking things up, that are not made explicit in the writing, and that's what i at least find so compelling..

welcome by Nathan Carterette

this is going to be a blog for casual thoughts, and also full-length essays that i write for music i play. those essays are sometimes used as program notes or liner notes or whatnot, so they are more in depth.

my interests are the piano repertoire from the virginal Elizabethan days to the avant garde music of today; as a hobby i read, just to name a few at random: James, Kazantzakis, Faulkner, Mishima, Wodehouse, Tolstoy, Nabokov, and lots of ancient epics such as Nibelungenlied, Homer, Beowulf, Sir Gawain and the like. i'll post thoughts about those from time to time.